Notes on Florida’s Endangered and Threatened Plants1

4th Edition, August 2003

Nancy C. Coile2
updated by Mark A. Garland3

Description of Column Contents

lists the species by the numerical order in which the species are listed in the "Regulated Plant Index."
Author names are often abbreviated.

Bold type indicates that the species is on the federal list of endangered or threatened plants.
The date of inclusion as a federally listed plant is provided immediately following the scientific name.

When there are illustrations in commonly available references a symbol (? or ?) is placed in the lower left corner. Page numbers are given for Bell and Taylor (1982), Scurlock (1987), and Taylor (1992). Photographs in the DPI poster and in Nelson (1994) are cited by plate number. There are no page numbers for Chafin (2000) or for Wunderlin and Hansen (2000) For additional photos,check the atlas website of Wunderlin and Hansen; many species will have photographs.

If the species is considered endemic to Florida (95% of all known occurrences are in Florida), then the term "endemic" is given in the lower right corner.
Range distribution was obtained from Gleason and Cronquist (1991), Radford et al. (1968), Luer (1984), and Correll and Correll (1978), and other sources.

provides the last name of the author(s) and then page(s) devoted to the species.
When species are covered by Clewell (1985), Correll and Correll (1982), Long and Lakela (1972), Small (1934), Ward (1979), or Wunderlin (1998), those authors will be listed if applicable. Other references may also be listed.
Complete reference citations are provided at the end of this publication.

If line drawings are present in a reference, the symbol { is shown.
Small (1934) provides excellent illustrations, but these usually show only floral details. Other illustrations are often detailed and show plant habit as well as floral and fruit details. The | symbol indicates that a photograph is present. Lakela and Long (1976) has black and white photographs

these are names used in the vernacular.
Sometimes the common name is descriptive and very useful.
However, the common names are often confusing because the same name may be used for different taxa, or a species may have many different common names. This listing of common names is not meant to be exhaustive.

is a group of similar genera.
When two family names are acceptable (synonymous) according to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, both will be listed. There are eight families which have an alternative name:
  • Palmae or Arecaceae
  • Gramineae or Poaceae
  • Cruciferae or Brassicaceae
  • Leguminosae or Fabaceae
  • Guttiferae or Clusiaceae
  • Umbelliferae or Apiaceae
  • Labiatae or Lamiaceae
  • Compositae or Asteraceae

Common names for the families usually follow Lawrence (1951).
The division for Leguminosae into three subfamilies corresponds to Mabberley (1997).
The tribes for the Compositae complies with Cronquist (1980).
Common names for pteridophyte families are found in several sources, including FNA.

provides characters which will help distinguish this species from similar species.   The first category is type of plant:
  • tree
  • shrub
  • vine
  • annual herb
  • perennial herb
In succeeding order, characteristics are given for the following categories:
  1. stem characters
  2. leaf characters
  3. flower characters
  4. fruit characters
  5. habitat
  6. locale
  7. time of bloom
Several abbreviations are used to save space:
  • lvs = leaves
  • lflets = leaflets
  • cpd = compound
  • infl = inflorescence
  • flrs = flowers
  • frts = fruits
  • cos. = counties

The Florida Natural Areas Inventory (FNAI 1996) was used for habitat designations as were the referenced manuals and guides.   Some of the habitats may sound esoteric, but are usually very appropriate.   As an example, the “solution holes in rockland hammocks” mentioned in description of Anemia wrightii refer to dissolved areas in the limestone substrate of the rockland hammock habitat.
When a county is not listed by the Atlas, the county is shown within parentheses.

  1. Florida Department of Agriclture and Consumer Services, Bureau of Entomology, Nematology, and Plant Pathology - Botany Section, Contribution No. 38, 4th edition (digital version), 2003.
  2. Botanist Emeritus, FDACS, Division of Plant Industry.
  3. Botanist, FDACS, Division of Plant Industry, P. O. Box 147100, Gainesville, FL 32614-7100.

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